Background: The relationship between glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and prognosis of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) patients has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to reveal the relationship between HbA1c levels and short-term mortality after patient admission with SICH.
Methods: It was a large-scale, multicenter, cross-sectional study. From August 1, 2015, to July 31, 2019, a total of 41910 SICH patients were included in the study from the Chinese Stroke Center Alliance (CSCA) program. Finally, we comprehensively analyzed the data from 21,116 patients with SICH. HbA1c was categorized into four groups by quartile. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to assess the association between HbA1c levels and short-term mortality in SICH patients.
Results: The average age of the 21,116 patients was 62.8 ± 13.2 years; 13,052 (61.8%) of them were male, and 507 (2.4%) of them died. Compared to the higher three quartiles of HbA1c, the lowest quartile (≤5.10%) had higher short-term mortality. In subgroup analysis with or without diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, the mortality of the Q3 group at 5.60–6.10% was significantly lower than that of the Q1 group at ≤5.10%. After adjustment for potential influencing factors, the ROC curve of HbA1c can better predict the short-term mortality of patients with SICH (AUC = 0.6286 P < 0.001).
Conclusions: Therefore, we concluded that low or extremely low HbA1c levels (≤5.10%) after stroke were associated with higher short-term mortality in SICH patients, with or without DM.