Limited evidence exists for healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) and costs associated with generalized myasthenia gravis (gMG), a rare autoimmune disorder, for adults in the United States.
Adults with ≥1 diagnostic claim for MG between 2014 and 2019 were identified using Symphony Health’s Integrated Dataverse®. Using a novel algorithm, HCRU and costs over 12 months following index dates were evaluated for patients with gMG including those with exacerbation events. For patients who experienced crisis events, HCRU and costs were analyzed during the 36 months preceding, during, and 12 months following the events.
Mean HCRU and costs were higher for newly diagnosed patients compared with previously diagnosed patients (hospitalizations: 0.46 vs. 0.34; all-cause costs: $26,419.20 vs. $24,941.47; direct costs for gMG treatments: $9,890.37 vs. $9,186.47) and further increased for patients with exacerbation events (hospitalizations: 0.72; all-cause costs: $43,734.15; direct costs for gMG treatments: $21,550.02). For patients who experienced crisis events, HCRU and costs markedly increased during the 12 months immediately before the crisis event (hospitalizations: 1.35; all-cause costs: $49,236.68) compared with the 2 preceding years and increased further during the 12 months following the crisis index date (hospitalizations: 2.78; all-cause costs: $173,956.99). Cost increases were, in large part, attributed to treatments received.
New diagnosis, exacerbation, and crisis events were drivers of HCRU and cost for patients with gMG. Particularly, high costs of gMG-specific medications associated with intervention for exacerbation and crisis events contributed to increased all-cause costs.