Automated large vessel occlusion (LVO) tools allow for prompt identification of positive LVO cases, but little is known about their role in acute stroke triage when implemented in a real-world setting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the automated LVO detection tool’s impact on acute stroke workflow and clinical outcomes.
Consecutive patients with a computed tomography angiography (CTA) presenting with suspected acute ischemic stroke were compared before and after the implementation of an AI tool, RAPID LVO (RAPID 4.9, iSchemaView, Menlo Park, CA). Radiology CTA report turnaround times (TAT), door-to-treatment times, and the NIH stroke scale (NIHSS) after treatment were evaluated.
A total of 439 cases in the pre-AI group and 321 cases in the post-AI group were included, with 62 (14.12%) and 43 (13.40%) cases, respectively, receiving acute therapies. The AI tool demonstrated a sensitivity of 0.96, a specificity of 0.85, a negative predictive value of 0.99, and a positive predictive value of 0.53. Radiology CTA report TAT significantly improved post-AI (mean 30.58 min for pre-AI vs. 22 min for post-AI, p < 0.0005), notably at the resident level (p < 0.0003) but not at higher levels of expertise. There were no differences in door-to-treatment times, but the NIHSS at discharge was improved for the pre-AI group adjusted for confounders (parameter estimate = 3.97, p < 0.01).
Implementation of an automated LVO detection tool improved radiology TAT but did not translate to improved stroke metrics and outcomes in a real-world setting.